Preterm birth and its impact on the maturation of executive function

Researcher: A/Prof. Samudragupta Bora
Institution: The University of Queensland

Perinatal and neonatal care has improved considerably over the past 25 years leading to dramatic improvements in the survival of infants born preterm. Their long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes however, still remain an area of significant concern and represents a major global public health challenge. Recent studies suggest that these children are at an increased risk of ‘high-prevalence and low-severity’ impairments phenotype, which can result in poor academic achievement along with impacts on their life-course opportunities. A major neurodevelopmental challenge that these children face is in the area of executive function, which refers to a set of higher-order cognitive processes including working memory, cognitive flexibility, and inhibitory control.

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